The process of treating clean water is carried out to destroy substances and particles, whether they are chemical, physical, or biological in nature, which are considered harmful to the water used by the community.
The water treatment results will produce clean water in the sense that it is clear, odorless, colorless, and safe to use. In addition to paying attention to its quality, water treatment also needs to pay attention to the nature of the water so that the results are not corrosive, which can damage the pipe.
This article will discuss the usually passed stages and the benefits obtained from processing and monitoring clean water. A complete discussion of these topics will be explained in the points below.
Stages of Clean Water Treatment
Besides getting clean water naturally, it can also be obtained by processing it first. Companies or parties that carry out this water treatment will try to produce clean water in accordance with appropriate standards.
From raw water sources, aliases that have not been treated, there is a possibility that bacteria, viruses, chemicals, pollutants, and other dangerous particles can be contained that can cause disease. Therefore this water treatment process is important to do.
We will discuss the standard stages usually carried out in the clean water treatment process. What are the stages in question?
1. The process of adding alum (coagulation)
The first stage of the water treatment process generally begins with the coagulation process. This process is carried out by adding alum or liquid aluminum sulfate to water that is still raw or has not been processed.
When added, the resulting mixture will eventually make the impurities in the water experience clumping.
Next, the dirt that blends will form large clumps called flocs. The floc size, which tends to be large, will then be removed through filtration.
2. Precipitation Process
After the coagulation process, then there is the deposition process. So after adding alum which produces floc, the water flows into a sedimentation tank or reservoir. The large flocs are left at the bottom and then settle in this process.
3. Screening Process
The filtering stage follows the next clean water treatment process. At this stage, the water will pass through a filter that removes particles previously combined with water.
The filters generally used are made of a collection of gravel, anthracite, and sand. With these materials, the filtering process can remove floating dirt.
Usually, this filter or filter device undergoes regular cleaning with the backwashing method. By cleaning it regularly, the filtering process can remain effective.
4. Disinfectant Administration Process
After being filtered, the resulting water that no longer has particles will be disinfected. This disinfection process is generally carried out before water enters the distribution system.
The purpose of this disinfectant is to destroy bacteria, viruses, and parasites in the water that can cause disease. Apart from using disinfectants, chlorine can also replace this process with the same function to eradicate germs.
5. Sludge Drying Process
Then there is also the sludge drying process. As the name implies, this process occurs when solids that were previously removed from the water in the settling and filtering process are transferred to the drying lake.
6. Fluoridation Process
Next, there is the water fluoridation process which is carried out by giving fluoride in a controlled manner to the water supply for the community. This process is carried out to prevent damage to the teeth.
7. pH Correction Process
Before water is distributed to the public through pipelines, it is necessary to correct the pH first. The process of correcting the pH is carried out with the aim of stabilizing the water so that the effects of corrosion can be minimized.
Generally, correction or adjustment of pH is done by mixing lime compounds into filtered water.
The seven processes above are the basic steps generally carried out to treat water and make it clean. It should also be noted that the above processes may vary from place to place.
The difference in these stages is usually influenced by the facilities and technology owned by a company. Not only that, but the difference in the process of treating water to make it clean may also differ depending on the type of water to be treated.
Why Monitoring Clean Water Need to Do?
After knowing the process of clean water treatment, next we will discuss the reasons behind the question of why monitoring alias monitoring of clean water is necessary.
So, monitoring the water needs to be done to find out how far the activities carried out by humans can impact the quality of the water ecosystem. This needs to be done because the aquatic ecosystem will also be used to support human life.
In addition, water monitoring can also be carried out to improve or at least maintain the quality of water so that its status does not change to polluted water. Therefore, besides the need to monitor clean water, it is also important to seek prevention of water pollution.
Benefits of Doing Monitoring Clean Water Quality
Water quality needs to be monitored and maintained so that the results can follow class standards. In the following, we will discuss the benefits of monitoring the quality of clean water.
1. Obtaining Information for the Community
One of the benefits of monitoring on the quality of clean water is that they can obtain various information related to the environment to be conveyed to the public.
2. Knowing the Status of Water Quality
By monitoring the quality of clean water, this is also useful because it can determine the status of water quality to be determined and conveyed to the public.
3. Knowing the Ability in Controlling Water Pollution
Monitoring On water quality is also useful to determine what kind of performance is being carried out to control water pollution.
4. Making policies related to water pollution control
Other benefits can also be obtained from monitoring the quality and treatment of clean water, namely being able to make policies related to water pollution control.
After monitoring, the data obtained will then be analyzed to later be used as a basis for determining policies on ways that can be done to control water pollution.
Monitoring water quality needs to be done periodically so that the results obtained can be used to determine the next step.PT SUCOFINDO offers services ranging from sample testing, and analysis, and also surface water quality monitoring , consumption water, waste water, and sea water.
PT SUCOFINDO includes the scope of services that will carry out periodic monitoring for processing, securing waste, and handling the work environment.