Rice Slides Corn And Soybeans Production

Selasa, 04 Maret 2014 | 09:56

The presence of anomalous wet climate during the past year has led to a shift in the cropping pattern of the 3 major food commodities. Farmers apparently prefer to plant rice compared to corn or soybeans.As a result of the shift, rice production boosted by 2.24 million to 71.29 million tonnes in the form of dry milled grain (MPD), while corn and soybean production fell respectively 0.88 million tons and 0.06 million tons to 18.51 million tons and 780,160 tons. Other causes of decline in the two commodities is the drop in crop acreage.

Deputy of Production Statistics at BPS Adi Lumaksono said there is a decline in the planted area to corn and soybean crops while rice plants actually rose. Weather anomalies that occurred last year is considered very suitable for rice farming.

"The benchmark price is still a major stimulus for farmers to grow plants but also affect the climate. Last year was conducive to grow rice," he said.

This matter is also justified by Director of Post Harvest Crops at Ministry of Agriculture Pending Dading Permana. He said the general system of food crops are rice - rice - crops. However, last year farmers did not plant crops because of the high rainfall that occurred at that time.

"So, most farmers grow rice during the last year. That's why they were increasing rice production while corn and soybean production was down," he explained.

According to the data points while the BPS said rice production in 2013 amounted to 71.29 million tons of dry milled grain (GKG), or up 2.24 million tons (3.24%) compared to production in 2012 amounted to 69.06 million tons.

Raising production occurs due to an increase in harvested area of 391,690 ha and an increase in productivity of 0.16 quintal /ha. Some of the areas that experienced relatively large production include West Java, South Sumatra, Banten, Aceh and West Kalimantan.

Meanwhile, corn production is only 18.51 million tons of dry shelled, or down 0.88 million tons (4.54%) compared with 2012 which amounted to 19.39 million tons. The decline in production is due to a decrease in harvested area of 137,430 ha and a decrease in productivity of 0.55 quintal/ha.

Soybean production is also down 62,990 tons (7.47%) to 780,160 tons of dry bean, whereas the previous year reached 843,150 tons. Adi Lumaksono said many soybean farmers are switching to rice plants.

In response to this, Dadih Permana refused the failed status on soybean and corn self-sufficiency program which launched by the government. According to him, the Gov’t still has time to pursue self-sufficiency target.

by M.Taufiqur Rahman, Hadijah Alaydrus
source http://business.bisnis.com