Individuals Can Manage Community Plantation Forest To Avoid Land Conflict
Selasa, 11 Februari 2014 | 13:55
Ministry of Forestry urges individuals or cooperatives to start forestry business using scheme of community plantation forest (HTR) which has absorbed at least IDR45 billion investment in 2013.HRT permit is a scheme of forest management by community around the forest with maximum area measuring 15 hectares/individual and 700 hectares/ cooperative. Such model is believed to be a solution for land conflict which often happens.
Director General of Forestry Business, Ministry of Forestry, Bambang Hendroyono, said HRT permit is the right scheme for small business and community around industrial forest (HTI).
“Everyone can be forest entrepreneur,” said Bambang, Monday (2/10).
The Directorate General of Forestry Business reported until the end of last year it had issued permit for 188.573 hectares in 70 regencies, consisting of 95 cooperatives measuring 142,251 hectares and 6,293 permits for individuals measuring 46,321 hectares. Meanwhile for HTR permit, it reached 7,986 hectares. Employment in HTR business reached 28,988 people in 2013.
Bambang argued the ministry facilitates HTR permit in the form of easy legality for people around the area before HTI permit is given to certain company.
He explained previously there was no regulation on management of forest in open access area. But with HTR, people can manage forest for 60 years, and they can extend it for once for 35 years.
“Through such a model, businessmen can have fast profit for over than IDR300 million/hectares.”
“Melalui model itu, pelaku usaha bisa mendapatkan keuntungan bisnis yang cepat bagi pelaku usaha, dengan angka di atas Rp300 juta/ha.”
Assuming that sales price is at IDR700,000/m3, one hectare only needs IDR20 million for operating cost. It can be planted with 1,000 silk trees of which 80% or 800 trees or equals to 540 m3 can be harvested. The profit will reach IDR304 million/hectares.
Yet, this business has its own challenges. “At least there are 6 problems, i.e. low motivation, lack of capital, unsteady institution, competitive business and low wood price, entrepreneurship mentality, and issuance of permit in regions which often takes long time to get,” he said.
Bambang explained forestry agency and regional leaders do not understand the importance and the value of forestry business using HTR permit, hence the ministry must directly visit potential areas to settle the problems.
Meanwhile, President Director of Association of Indonesian Forest Concession Holder, Purwadi Soeprihanto, explained cluster between HTI and HTR is the right solution. “If it is released, I am worried they will not be able to accommodate it,” he said.
This is because infrastructure, particularly permit location outside Java island is not ready and due to low price of wood plants.
Purwadi added it is such a burden for business players due to inaccessible location, for example HTI business, a capital-intensive business, which still has very slow development, let alone HTR business managed by individuals or cooperatives. (T10)
by Arys Aditya,Intan Permatasari